Monday, December 15, 2014

Setup environment for extension for my SmartWatch 2

In this blog I will demonstrate how to set up environment for development of apps for SW2.
I purchase SW2 because of its benefits written below

 # Now I can set my mobile on silence mod in office. When any call comes SW2 notify me.

# I have 5 inc mobile. Now I dont need to pick up every time I gets any notification. I just use my watch to see if the notification is important for me i.e I wana reply only then I pick phone. It saves time for me ... as I am a busy guy :)

# I can take selfy by adjusting my mobile on some place and with the help of  SW2 I can capture picture.

# There are holes in software of this device, there are great opportunities to build software for it

So let us make this watch more useful


Pre req:

Before start you must have installed android SDKeclipseADT.
Set up you SW 2 (Smart watch 2).

Step 1 Install Sony SDK:

# Open Android sdk manager, Select tools ->  Ad on sites. And select user defined sites.


# Click new button and insert => http://dl.developer.sony.com/wearables/sdks/Sony_Add-on_SDK/Sony-Add-on-SDK.xml in text box. click OK and close.



You can see a package name Sony Add-on SDK under Android 4.2.2 (API 19) and a package  Sony Add-on SDK in packages -> extras. Install this package.



#    Now after installation open File -> Import ->  Existing Android Code Into Workspace -> your android SDK/add-ons\addon-sony_add-on_sdk_3_0-sony-19\samples\SmartExtensions

Import projects in this folder. If you find any dependency issue. Right click each project and go to Properties -> Android -> Android target project and make it 4.4.2. After doing this to all clean and build workspace.



Step 2 Run a project on smartwatch 2:

# Now run a sample project. Lets say HelloActiveLowPowerPreferenceActivity. If your SW2 is connected with phone you can see below app, On Clicking text counters increment .


Reference:

# https://developer.sony.com/develop/wearables/smartwatch-2-apis/get-started/










Tuesday, September 9, 2014

How to create a crone job linux

Hi all,


As you do great stuff  with shall script lile backups , processing etc. Most of you are familiar with cron  jobs in linux. But for all those how dont know I am writing this tutorial.

In linux we have a usefull tool name crontab. We can add our cron jobs in crontab .

- To see running jobs in background use
sudo crontab -l
- To add a job
sudo crontab -e

Lets create a script that while same sate of a server in a text file. Let say we have a tomcat server ruining on linux system. And we want to nominator its state in hourly basis

A) Create s script:

1) Create minitor_tomcat.sh  at some location lets say home/<user folder>/
2) Add permission : sudo chmod +x  minitor_tomcat.sh 
3) Open file in gedit
4) Add code
status="$(sudo /etc/init.d/tomcat7 status)"
cdate="$(date)"
echo "$cdate : Tomcat status $status" >> /home/<user folder>/logs.txt;
B) Create a job:

1) call  
2) move cursor to the end of file
3) Follow the below format for creating a job

[MIN] [HR] [DOM] [MON] [DOW] [COMMAND] 

MIN : It is the Minute Field which can take values from 0 to 59.

HR : It is the HOUR Field which can take values from 0 to 23.

DOM : It is the Day of Month Field which can take values from 1 to 31.

MON : It is the Month Field which can take values from 1 to 12.

DOW : It is the Day of Week Field which can take values from 0 to 7, where 0 and 7 are Sundays.

So to run file hourly
* */1 * * * bash /home/<user folder>/minitor_tomcat.sh

After writing save  file, You can see your cron by using command sudo crontab -l

For more details about timing follow this.


You can run any command. I mean not only bash file but any command using crontab

For example if I wana write some text in a file monday I can write

* * * * 1 echo "hello job" >> /home/<user folder>/file.txt













Friday, February 7, 2014

Install softwares Ubuntu 12.04 for java & android developer

A) Setup java
sudo add-apt-repository ppa:webupd8team/java sudo apt-get update sudo apt-get install oracle-java7-installer And type this to check the version: java -version
i) Add path 
sudo gedit /etc/bash.bashrc

Append

export JAVA_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-7-oracle export PATH=$JAVA_HOME:$PATH export JRE_HOME=/usr/lib/jvm/java-7-oracle/jre export PATH=$JRE_HOME:$PATH
source /etc/bash.bashrc B) Setup android home
Open terminal and cd /.../path/android-sdk 
use pwd to get path
sudo gedit /etc/bash.bashrc
Append 
export ANDROID_HOME=/../path/android-sdk-linux export PATH=$ANDROID_HOME:$PATH source /etc/bash.bashrc 
Follow this for setting up devices for development C) Setup Git
sudo apt-get install git-core
To create SSH key, follow this D) Setup eclipse
Download eclipse from here Follow this tutorial E) Setup maven
sudo apt-get install maven 
sudo gedit /etc/bash.bashrc export M2_HOME=/usr/share/maven export M2=$M2_HOME/binexport PATH=$M2:$PATH source /etc/bash.bashrc F) Setup install lamp for apache & mysql
sudo apt-get install tasksel
Then use tasksel to install the lamp-server collection of packages:
sudo tasksel install lamp-server This is far easier than mucking about with packages yourself.

Wednesday, June 12, 2013

ORM in android

Pre-req: Eclipse, android, Android Clients,

Hi guys,

Dealing with database in android takes alot of time.

  • First create schema i.e database and tables
  • Create database and tables with Database helper
  • Populate database i.e tables from android components i.e activities, services
  • Create queries, query manger classes and populate query results into Object

 Any mistakes in above step case crashes. We can speed up this process with some ORM, In this tutorial we will create a database with OrmLite and will see how many steps in sqlite database management we can skip. This is a basic level tutorial.


1) Create POJO/Class(s) these classes are tables


@DatabaseField(generatedId = true) //this annotation shows auto generated id column 
@DatabaseField(index = true) // column with index on it 
@DatabaseField(canBeNull = false, foreign = true) // a foreign key column, with not null constraint
@ForeignCollectionField(eager = false) //one to many relation
2)Create a Database Helper
  We always create database helper to create/update database, you just need to 
copy past database helper which is extension of OrmLiteSqliteOpenHelper.
 
Only with this command we can create a table.
TableUtils.createTable(connectionSource, SimpleData.class);
3) Create DAOs inside database helper:
public Dao<SimpleData, Integer> getSimpleDataDao() throws SQLException {
          if (simpleDao == null) {
                    simpleDao = getDao(SimpleData.class);
          }
         return simpleDao;
}
This DAO object help you to create rows, process query.

4) How to use in activity:
private DatabaseHelper getHelper() {
      if (databaseHelper == null) {
                databaseHelper = OpenHelperManager.getHelper(this, DatabaseHelper.class);
      }
      return databaseHelper;
 }
Queries data: 
Dao<SimpleData, Integer> simpleDao = getHelper().getSimpleDataDao();
long millis = System.currentTimeMillis(); 
// create some entries in the onCreate
SimpleData simple = new SimpleData(millis); 
simpleDao.create(simple);// Create row
         simpleDao.delete(simple);// delete row

         simpleDao.update(simple);//update row
List<SimpleData> list = simpleDao.queryForAll(); //query all object
         Query:
QueryBuilder<SimpleData, Integer> queryBuilder = simpleDao.queryBuilder();// get the 
//WHERE object to build our query
Where<SimpleData, Integer> where = queryBuilder.where(); 
// the name field must be equal to "foo"
where.eq("string", "foo"); // and operation
where.and();
// the password field must be equal to "_secret"
where.eq("id", "1"); 
PreparedQuery<SimpleData> preparedQuery = queryBuilder.prepare(); 
SimpleData simpleData = (SimpleData) simpleDao.query(preparedQuery);

Conclusion: 
  • We do not need to create sql schema for tables and database, table records management classes/providers.
  • We just need 2 thing , models (POJO) and extension of OrmLiteSqliteOpenHelper for conversion of models (POJO) into tables.
  • We access database from any android component i.e. activities , fragments, services.
  • No need to map results rows to object separately. For insertion and updation just save whole objects.
  • You can use same objects to map json data, if require.
  • It is simple to configure and use

Reference

Source code



Wednesday, May 22, 2013

Setup eclipse & android project for aspect oriented programming(AOP)

Pre-req: you should familiar with eclipse, know android programming and have knowledge of AOP.

Hi guys,

           Software development with Aspect oriented programming(AOP) is very popular these days. Because it is easy use and apply. And we can achieve good level of modularity and re-usability in our software architectures.
So I decide to deliver a presentation in my office. While preparing presentation I am writing this blog. The idea of my presentation is to introduce AOP and explain it with a demonstration (Sample), My sample will show how we can use AOP in android development. I will surly write blogs on android development with AOP but step by step.

AOP is also useful in enhancing legacy systems. By that I mean if you dont want to change existing code of system then create new modules in AOP. It will help you to keep separate no code with old one.

So lets start with step up eclipse and create a hello world android project with AOP.

Install AOP tool for eclipse:

1) Open eclipse and go to eclipse market place. Type AJDT (AspectJ Development Tools) in search bar. Choose respective plugin for eclipse. I am going to use Aspectj for compilation.


2) For example for my juno eclipse it is


3) Download and install then restart eclipse

Create android project:

Assuming you guys know how to create android project.

Fix android project for aspects

1) Right click android project and go to Configure and then Convert to AspectJ project. By doing that compile time errors will be remove and you can start creating aspects.


 
2)  Know create a prospect , I am creating aspect to print some words on start and end of onCreate() function in activity


3) Right click and run android project , you can see the printing in logs below








Sunday, April 28, 2013

Native Android Client Architecture And Frameworks

Hi guys,

We all know principle of kiss. We should keep our software architectures simple as possible. One way to do that is decide architecture and narrow down the problem before going for solution/decisions. Choose good frameworks/plugins, this will make your code simple and readable. And of-course this strategy encourages re-usability, which is a way of fast development.


In this post I will try to simplify client application architecture (android client-server model) and provide list of famous frameworks. To solve solution of

  • Threads
  • Network operations
  • Cache/database
  • Re-usability 



Flow of application will be like below




So upon request or event trigger

  • First apply validations
  • Call service to execute request
  • Service with execute it can initiate thread to fetch data from server, or read from database(cache) or other facilitate other kind of requests
  • Service will return model, some data or exception
  • Services here are not android service. This layer helps you to reuse code in activities/fragments.

So what frameworks we can use in this architecture

   1.   View (Activity/Fragments)
           For view we have 
  • Robojuice  It help to bind xml view(gui), resources with objects. These annotation reduce line of code and enhance readability. 
  • Actionbarsherlock. Helps in managing navigation between view, standardization of actions for view, menu buttons on page for android 4.0+   
  • Droid4me helps you handling activity/fragment life cycle, exception handling , thread management, intra-component communication, file download management.
   2. Validations
  •  You can use my work utils jar.
  • Apache commons-validator, has xml validations and common validation methods (email addresses, dates, URLs, etc.)
   3. Thread
  •  For thread you can use Async tasks
  • You can use Robospice. It provides solution for threading, parsing data (xml, json), notification to view, exception handling.
  • You can use Droid4me for thread management.
   4.  Database manager
  • OrmLite use to create persist objects. So you dont need to populate objects after query and write code for operations like insertion, deletion, update etc your self.
  • Sqlitegen, use to create DAOs(data access object), easy to convert query results into object. 
  • ActiveAndroid allows you to save and retrieve SQLite database records without ever writing a single SQL statement. Each database record is wrapped neatly into a class with methods like save() and delete().
   5.  Network Manager 
  • Spring Restful helps communicating with servers over http, https protocols, methods can be post, get, put, delete. You can parse response direct into json, xml with the support of gson, jackson and other parsers for xml and json. (Recommended)
  • Use  Android-query to get json, xml, inputstream, files from server.

Sunday, April 14, 2013

Dependency injection android (roboguice review)

Pre-req: you should know about development in android.
I am using: For this tutorial I am using windows xp, maven, android 2.33 , spring restfull android, robojuice

Hi guys,


People those are familiar with spring and Inversion of control, They knows that IOC provides good level of abstraction in managing object(s) i.e initializations, object management, association management. And also decrease lines of code. So lets see roboguice.

To install this first create a maven base project.


1) Add dependencies for roboguice into the project (POM.XML).

 <dependency>
     <groupId>org.roboguice</groupId>
     <artifactId>roboguice</artifactId>
     <version>2.0</version>
  </dependency>
            <dependency>
               <groupId>com.google.code.findbugs</groupId>
               <artifactId>jsr305</artifactId>
              <version>1.3.9</version>
           </dependency>
Reference


2) What we have?
    We can megre 2 steps i.e declaration and initialization, we can avoid object creation and management on different  level (code liens) at class level.


We can create service and bind it with our activities/fragments. This provides alot of ease in fast development.

we can also bind android resources string/arrays/color/config etc to objects.

Reference

3) List of warped components 
   Robo juice warped many android components, list of these components are below

  • RoboActivity
  • RoboListActivity
  • RoboExpandableListActivity
  • RoboMapActivity
  • RoboPreferenceActivity
  • RoboAccountAuthenticatorActivity
  • RoboActivityGroup
  • RoboTabActivity
  • RoboFragmentActivity
  • RoboLauncherActivity
  • RoboService
  • RoboIntentService
  • RoboFragment
  • RoboListFragment
  • RoboDialogFragment

To use feature of robojuice, all you need is to extend your components with one of respective above warped components. for example if you want to use robojuice dependency management in your activity then extent your class with  RoboActivity  instead of Activity.

4) Create and activity
  Lets create a activity with robojuce, lets say we have  list of software houses.
 So I have a list of software houses in string.xml


 and my activity is like below:




5) Lets create a factory to execute web service calls (Powered by Spring rest for android)

i) Create an interface  ResponseFctory 




ii) Create implementation of ResponseFctory , 
       Add annotation @Singleton on the top of implementation, because we are creating a factory of singleton scope.




iii) Create configuration file to bind Interface with implementation
   A class extends AbstractModule and bind interface with implementation in configure function
with command

bind(ResponseFctory.class).to(ResponseFactoryImpl.class); 
below is example


iv) Register custom AbstractModule  with robojuice 
Create a robojuice.xml file in res/values folder. Add path of your Configuration class like below

<resources>
    <string-array name="roboguice_modules">
        <item>com.testguice.config.Configuration</item>
    </string-array>
</resources>



v) Use this factory inside your activity like below





6) Benefits

i) Decrease association. We can bind parameters with function. Hence increase decoupling.
ii) Promote polymorphism, Singeltons and interfaces. Hence increase decoupling.
iii) Object creation and management. you dont need to initialize objects on different level (lines in code) of class.. Hence increase readability
vi) Decrease lines of code. Enforce  best practices.

Source code available.